corinthian war who fought

The events of 394 BC left the Spartans with the upper hand on land, but weak at sea. Overall, a group of four city-states decided to build a coalition (Thebes, Corinth, Athens, and Argos) so that they could defeat Sparta. "Agesilaus." Who fought in this war and why it happened are some topics you need to know in order to do well on the quiz. The Corinthian War was succeeded by the Theban–Spartan War of 378–362 BC, in which Sparta would finally lose its hegemony, this time to Thebes. Rome, Carthage against Greece. The reassertion of Spartan hegemony over Greece by abandoning the Greeks of Aeolia, Ionia, and Caria has been called the "most disgraceful event in Greek history". [20] Thus, he turned back with his troops, crossing the Hellespont and marched west through Thrace. The Corinthian War was an ancient Greek conflict lasting from 395 BC until 387 BC, pitting Sparta against a coalition of four allied states, Thebes, Athens, Corinth, and Argos, who were initially backed by Persia. Athens quickly took advantage of its possession of walls and a fleet to seize the islands of Scyros, Imbros, and Lemnos, on which it established cleruchies (citizen colonies). Sparta eventually won the war, but only after the Persians had switched support from Athens to Sparta. The Corinthian War followed the Peloponnesian War 431–404 BC, in which Sparta had achieved hegemony over Athens and its allies. The Corinthian War followed the Peloponnesian War(431–404 BC), … Upon his arrival Conon erected a large part of the wall, giving his own crews for the work, paying the wages of carpenters and masons, and meeting whatever other expense was necessary. Rome against Carthage. From 395 BC to 387 BC, the Corinthian War involved a handful of ancient Greek city-states, including the mighty Spartans and the popular Athenians. [30], As a reward for his success, Pharnabazus was allowed to marry the king's daughter. It is said he wryly observed, but for ten thousand Persian "archers", he would have vanquished all Asia. The Spartans soon drove off the Athenian fleet, but the Athenians continued their land assault. The Spartans fought determinedly, particularly in the vicinity of Peisander's ship, but were eventually overwhelmed; large numbers of ships were sunk or captured, and the Spartan fleet was essentially wiped from the sea. The terms were ratified by the city governments over the next year. Hellenica Source: Plutarch. [15] A Theban embassy was dispatched to Athens to request support; the Athenians voted to assist Thebes, and a perpetual alliance was concluded between Athens and the Boeotian confederacy. But the Corinthian heralds opened their gates to the defeated Athenians and saved them. The fleet had already seized Rhodes from Spartan control in 396 BC. There, he was killed in the Battle of Haliartus after bringing his force too near the walls of the city; the battle ended inconclusively, with the Spartans suffering early losses but then defeating a group of Thebans who pursued the Spartans onto rough terrain where they were at a disadvantage. The Locrians appealed to Thebes for assistance, and the Thebans invaded Phocian territory; the Phocians, in turn, appealed to their ally, Sparta, and the Spartans, pleased to have a pretext to discipline the Thebans, ordered general mobilization. The Corinthian War was an ancient Greek conflict lasting from 395 BC until 387 BC, pitting Sparta against a coalition of four allied states; Thebes, Athens, Corinth, and Argos; which were initially backed by Persia. As … But whichever of the two parties does not accept this peace, upon them I will make war, in company with those who desire this arrangement, both by land and by sea, with ships and with money.[4][54][55]. It was so named because much of the war occurred in Corinthian territory. Macedon against Persian Empire, Greek City States, Ilyria, Thrace . The Corinthian War was an ancient Greek conflict lasting from 395 BC until 387 BC, pitting Sparta against a coalition of four allied states; Thebes, Athens, Corinth, and Argos; which were initially backed by Persia.The immediate cause of the war was a local conflict in northwest Greece in which both Thebes and Sparta intervened. With the initial backing of Persia, the city-states were confident in the war they raged. [30] A second peace conference was held at Sparta in the same year, but the proposals made there were again rejected by the allies, both because of the implications of the autonomy principle and because the Athenians were outraged that the terms proposed would have involved abandoning the Ionian Greeks to Persia. This war, called the Corinthian War (395–386) because much of it took place on Corinthian territory, was fought against Sparta by a coalition of Athens (with help from Persia), Boeotia, Corinth, and Argos. Lives of Plutarch [47], After this, the Spartans sent out a new commander, Anaxibius, to Abydos. The next major action of the war took place at sea, where both the Persians and the Spartans had assembled large fleets during Agesilaus's campaign in Asia. [32], In 392 BC, the Spartans dispatched an ambassador, Antalcidas, to the satrap Tiribazus, hoping to turn the Persians against the allies by informing them of Conon's use of the Persian fleet to begin rebuilding the Athenian empire. These events are best described by Xenophon, at, "IGII2 6217 Epitaph of Dexileos, cavalryman killed in Corinthian war (394 BC)", 2,500 year celebration of the Persian Empire, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Corinthian_War&oldid=998457031, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Perlman, S. "The Causes and the Outbreak of the Corinthian War,", This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 13:25. [49], Shortly thereafter, the Spartan fleet under Gorgopas ambushed the Athenian fleet near Athens, capturing several ships. Veuillez d'abord vous connecter à votre compte ; Avez-vous besoin d'aide? The Corinthian War (395-386 BC) saw the Spartans, with eventual Persian aid, defeat an alliance of Thebes, Corinth, Argos and Athens and apparently remain the dominant power on mainland Greece. Noté /5. Langue: english. The city decided not to harbor the defeated Athenian troops, but instead sent heralds to the Spartans. At sea, the Spartan fleet was decisively defeated early in the war by an Achaemenid fleet allied with Athens, an event that effectively ended Sparta's attempts to become a naval power. Historia 38 (1989) pp. Ancient Greek conflict lasting from 395 BC until 387 BC, Initial fighting: Battle of Haliartus (395 BC), Achaemenid naval campaign and assistance to Athens (393 BC), "Persian coins were stamped with the figure of an archer, and Agesilaus said, as he was breaking camp, that the King was driving him out of Asia with ten thousand "archers"; for so much money had been sent to Athens and Thebes and distributed among the popular leaders there, and as a consequence those people made war upon the Spartans" Plutarch 15-1-6 in. The Corinthian War continues on.Source: Xenophon. These exiles went to the Spartans, based at this time at Sicyon, for support, while the Athenians and Boeotians came up to support the democrats. While still on Lesbos, however, Thrasybulus was killed by raiders from the city of Aspendus. [7], Thebes, Corinth and Athens also refused to participate in a Spartan expedition to Ionia in 398 BC, with the Thebans going so far as to disrupt a sacrifice that the Spartan king Agesilaus attempted to perform in their territory before his departure. [46], Alarmed by this Spartan naval resurgence, the Athenians sent out a fleet of 40 triremes under Thrasybulus. The forces met at the dry bed of the Nemea River, in Corinthian territory, where the Spartans won a decisive victory. [38], After this victory, an Argive army came to Corinth, and, seizing the acropolis, effected the merger of Argos and Corinth. A Classical Dictionary. In this article, you will learn the reason why the Corinthian War broke out in the first place. The war was fought on two fronts, on land near Corinth (hence the name) and Thebes and at sea in the Aegean. With Agesilaus at the head of the state, advocating for an aggressive policy, the Spartans campaigned from the Peloponnese to the distant Chalcidic peninsula. [24] The Persians, meanwhile, had already assembled a joint Phoenician, Cilician, and Cypriot fleet, under the joint command of Achaemenid satrap Pharnabazus II and the experienced Athenian admiral Conon who was in self-exile and in the service of the Achaemenids after his infamous defeat at the Battle of Aegospotami. [4] After 8 years of fighting, the Corinthian war was at an end. Angered by Sparta's tyrannical overlordship in Greece after the Peloponnesian War, several Greek states took advantage of Sparta's involvement in war with Persia to challenge Spartan supremacy. Taking advantage of this fact, Athens launched several naval campaigns in the later years of the war, recapturing a number of islands that had been part of the original Delian League during the 5th century BC. In a night attack, the Spartans and exiles succeeded in seizing Lechaeum, Corinth's port on the Gulf of Corinth, and defeated the army that came out to challenge them the next day. [18], In the wake of these events, both the Spartans and their opponents prepared for more serious fighting to come. In 391 BC, Agesilaus campaigned in the area, successfully seizing several fortified points, along with a large number of prisoners and amounts of booty. Pentagon Using “New Age” Healing Techniques, Durable Mars Rovers Sent Into Third Overtime Period, Al Bielek & his claims about The Philadelphia Experiment. Rome against Carthage. [31] He was recalled to the Achaemenid Empire in 393 BC, and replaced by satrap Tiribazus. The forces met at the dry bed of the Nemea River, in Corinthian territory, where the Spartans won a decisive victory. This category contains historical battles fought as part of the Corinthian War (395 BC–387 BC).Please see the category guidelines for more information. The Athenians responded with an ambush of their own; Chabrias, on his way to Cyprus, landed his troops on Aegina and laid an ambush for the Aeginetans and their Spartan allies, killing a number of them including Gorgopas. In the 5th century BCE, Athens united the city-states in order to fight Persian invasions and ended up creating an Athenian empire. [37], After Iphicrates's victories near Corinth, no more major land campaigns were conducted in that region. By the middle of the 4th century, they had assembled an organization of Aegean states commonly known as the Second Athenian League, regaining at least parts of what they had lost with their defeat in 404 BC. 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